Chinese medicine (CM) is an ancient system of health and well-being that has evolved over thousands of years. Throughout time, its basic concepts and treating principles have largely remained unchanged and proven effective. Ancient Chinese believed that humans are microcosms of the larger surrounding universe and are interconnected with nature and subject to its forces. Each organ system is associated with one of the five elements found in nature – Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, Earth. They engender and oppose each other, working together to achieve a perfect balance. Inside the human body, Qi, best understood as the vital force of life flow throughout the body via meridians like rivers in nature, connecting all the organ systems. Blood, following the command of Qi, permeates the body tissues and supports the vital force.
The dynamics between Qi, Blood, and all organ systems change throughout the day and throughout the year, following the rhythm of day and night and change of seasons. Such is the concept of Yin (moon/cold) and Yang (sun/warmth). Disease happens when the balance of Yin and Yang and the harmony amongst organ systems are disrupted. In particular, pain is often caused by blockage of Blood or Qi. In this model, every person has its unique internal landscape; and therefore, treatments are individualized.